Adverse birth outcomes and oral health
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It is vital to improve the understandingof early child’s oral health determinants and conse-quent identiﬁcation of interventions and behaviorsthat can be modiﬁed with health promotion activi-ties since birth. Authors have suggested that proper fetal growth and adequate development in the ﬁrst two years of life are determinants ofhealth, not only at childhood but also in later life.David Barker’s studies conducted in the 1980s have suggested that the events of the intrauterineperiod or during early childhood have long-termeffects on morbidity and mortality from chronicdiseases.On the other hand, the Life-Course Theory emphasizes the infancy period, based on the accu-mulation of environmental, social, and behavioralrisks in life, without disregarding Barker’s pre-mises, to strengthen the interaction between bio-logical and social factors of the different stages of life, more than the current adult lifestyle. However, little research has been carried outfocusing on these ideas to determine children’s oralhealth. There is a scarcity of longitudinal studies,such as population-based cohort studies, that aimto understand the determination of the oral health-disease process and the complex interactionbetween social environment and biological and behavioral aspects. The study published by thisimportant journal has contributed to bring thisissue to the agenda.
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