Relationship between overweight at 6 years of age and socioeconomic conditions at birth, breastfeeding, initial feeding practices and birth weight
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Introduction: Overweight is considered one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Objective: To analyze the relationship between overweight at 6 years of age and socioeconomic conditions at birth, breastfeeding, early feeding practices and birth weight. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 473 6-year-old students from public and private schools living in a municipality in southern Brazil. Sociodemographic and breastfeeding data and other initial feeding practices were obtained through interviews with the mothers at home. Birth weight and gestational age were obtained by consulting the child's health card. Anthropometric data of the students were collected during school visits. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed by Poisson Regression between the independent variables and overweight. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 33.2%; 83.2% of the children were breastfed and of these, 48.4% had exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months. Non-breastfed children had a 20% higher prevalence (PR = 1.20; 95% CI 1.13; 1.28) of overweight. Children with exclusive breastfeeding for six months had a lower prevalence of overweight (PR = 0.94; 95% CI 0.89; 0.99). Conclusion: Breastfeeding in this study showed to be a protective factor for overweight.
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